The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and its tropical climate make the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons but have also endowed the country with natural resources and made it one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. With a population of more than 92 million people, the Philippines is the 7th most populated Asian country and the 12th most populated country in the world.
An archipelago comprising 7,107 islands, the Philippines is categorized broadly into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Its capital city is Manila. Its 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi) of coastline makes it the country with the 5th longest coastline in the world. Bordered by the Philippine Sea to the east, the South China Sea to the west, and the Celebes Sea to the south. The island of Borneo is located a few hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are located to the south-southwest and Palau is located to the east of the islands
Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. Situated on the western fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Benham Plateau to the east in the Philippine Sea is an undersea region active in tectonic subduction. Around 20 earthquakes are registered daily, though most are too weak to be felt. The last major earthquake was the 1990 Luzon earthquake. There are many active volcanoes such as the Mayon Volcano, Mount Pinatubo, and Taal Volcano. Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa and one of the largest copper deposits in the world. It is also rich in nickel, chromite, and zinc. Despite this, poor management, high population density, and environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. Geothermal energy, however, is another product of volcanic activity that the country has harnessed more successfully. The Philippines is the world's second-biggest geothermal producer behind the United States, with 18% of the country's electricity needs being met by geothermal power.
The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate and is usually hot and humid. There are three seasons, the hot dry season or summer from March to May, the rainy season from June to November, the cool dry season from December to February. Temperatures usually range from 21°C (70°F) to 32°C (90°F) although it can get cooler or hotter depending on the season. The coolest month is January; the warmest is May. Sitting astride the typhoon belt, most of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October, with around nineteen typhoons entering the Philippine area of responsibility in a typical year and eight or nine making landfall. Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters (200 inches) in the mountainous east coast section but less than 1,000 millimeters (39 inches) in some of the sheltered valleys.
The Caramoan Peninsula, are group of islands situated at the lower eastern portion of the province of Camarines Sur. The area is hilly, with deep gorges and a rough, rocky terrain. Caramoan has a National Park with caves, limestone formations, white sandy beaches, an islet lake and a subterranean river. Little was known about these fascinating islands before the sudden boom in tourism brought about by the different franchise of the Survivor Series drove tourists flocking in hordes. Despite of the sudden deluge in the tourism scene, Caramoan Peninsula still kept its natural beauty intact, away from being spoiled and exploited.